Energy Efficiency & Conservation
Energy Efficiency & Conservation is to Reduce the amount of energy required to perform same tasks and functions. Energy conservation can be achieved through efficient energy use, together with decreased energy consumption and/or reduced consumption from conventional energy sources.
It primarily consists of following subsectors:
1 Energy Efficient Vehicles Maximum possile amount of distance traveled per unit of fuel used. Less Usage of fossil fuel and usage of Alternative fuel like biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, natural gas, or propane also make Vehicles Energy Efficient
2 Energy management / auditors Energy management is defined as using the minimum possible energy while the comfort levels and the production rates (in factories or organizations) are maintained. Energy Audit is the process of achieving the above by measuring how much energy is consumed and develop a plan to make it more energy efficient
3 Energy Efficient electronic appliances Appliances that offer savings on energy bills without sacrificing performance, features, and comfort.
4 Lighting - CFL, LED etc Unlike conventional Incandescent bulbs, CFL(Compact fluorescent bulbs) and LED (light emitting diodes) bulbs last ten times longer and takes one fourth of the energy and hence are the unofficial mascot of home energy efficiency
5 Insulation Insulation is any material that prevents the transfer of heat, cold, sound, electricity, and other forms of energy; good insulation is an important part of energy-efficient environment
6 Green Buildings & Houses Green construction is energy and water efficient, has good indoor air quality, uses environmentally sustainable materials/sources, utilizes some form of renewable energy and also uses the building in a sustainable manner
7 Smart Grids Electricity networks that can intelligently integrate the behavior and actions of all users connected to it to control appliances at consumers' homes; this could save energy, reduce costs and increase reliability and transparency
8 Motion Sensors Is a switch that responds when it senses movement of any sort. This is the technology that is used in simple light switches as well as advanced alarm systems to obtain Energy Efficiency